Scripture as Witness

Last summer a group of us from our fellowship went to hear the San Francisco Symphony play the soundtrack live at a screening of the Star Trek reboot movie. It was phenomenal! A year later we’re still talking about it. And we still sound the same. We gasp and go “Wow! It was awesome!” We splutter superlatives to describe the music and the experience of the live orchestra—but somehow it’s all inadequate. And then we drop our arms and say, “Aww, you should’ve been there!”

How do we share what we have seen, heard and experienced with those who weren’t there? What do we do when an explanation just isn’t enough? And what of those experiences that we can’t explain because we don’t quite understand what happened, but we know what we saw and we know that life is different now because these things happened?

Much of scripture is humanity trying to find the words and means to bear witness to what they have seen, heard and experienced of the living God.

In Karl Barth’s “Threefold Form of the Word of God,” he talks about the Bible as the written “witness” to the coming of Christ. A witness testifies to what she has seen and heard which is different, according to Barth, from someone explaining what she has seen and heard. For Barth, God’s revelation to us is the utterly inexplicable event of divine reason communicating with human reason. Who can explain it? This should be impossible! But we can proclaim it!

In a court of law, a witness testifies and risks imprisonment for perjury if her words are false. More confronting for us, the word translated “witness” is martus in the Greek, which in the 1st Century took on the meaning of “martyr” as Christian witnesses were persecuted for their testimonies.

Through the many different texts of scripture, we can say that the one thing in common in all of them is that the authors and editors are somehow trying to talk about their experiences of God in their midst. They are trying to bear witness to a reality that is, in so many ways, utterly inexplicable. How does Israel explain why God suddenly grabs the attention of Noah, Abraham and Moses? How can they explain that it is their own God who sends them into exile, and yet is somehow present and weeping with them by the rivers of Babylon? And as we move into the New Testament, how do we explain God who comes in the form of a man, and dies, and then rises from the dead?

To experience the resurrected Jesus in our midst radically changes the status quo and is not safe at all, as the early church discovered. But what they saw meant that life would never be the same again. It was “Wow!”, “Awesome!” and ultimately, “You really should experience this!”

As the Apostle John wrote, “We declare to you what we have seen and heard so that you also may have fellowship with us” (1 John 1:3). And what they saw was worth dying for, even if they couldn’t fully explain it.

The writers of scripture were not looking for safety. What they found in God was unsettling, life-changing, puzzling, hard to comprehend. But they couldn’t walk away from it. We see in the witness of scripture the authority of writers gripped by truth that they could not put down, regardless of the cost to themselves.

And they share it with us in open-handed honesty. When we read the ups and downs in scripture, the stories that are puzzling, the parts that make us angry, surprised, or shocked, we are reading accounts of people who are saying, “We can’t explain it, but this is what we have seen and heard and experienced of God, and we cannot be silent.”

Even Paul, in the midst of all of his powerful reasoning and argumentation, finally burst out, “Oh, the depth of the riches of the wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable his judgments, and his paths beyond tracing out!” (Romans 11:33).

In the witness of scripture, we see the authority that comes from people willing to die for what they are declaring. This is the authority that comes not from flexing authoritarian muscle, but from lives surrendered to the God we ultimately see in Christ.

Read Wendy’s other blog posts in this 3-part series on “Scripture and Authority.”

About the Author
InterVarsity Graduate & Faculty Ministries

Wendy serves as campus staff with InterVarsity Graduate Christian Fellowship at Stanford University. Wendy was born in Malaysia and grew up in Australia so she comes from an international background. After practicing law in Melbourne for ten years, she moved to Oxford in the UK where she studied apologetics and theology. She is married to Jared and they live in Palo Alto, CA. In her spare time, she rides horses, cooks delicious meals with Jared and watches Star Trek episodes on Netflix.